County Overview

Located in Coastal Kenya, it borders the Indian ocean to the East, Tana River to the North, Taita Taveta to the West and Kwale and Mombasa to the South.

Area : 12,610 KM2

Showing Subcounties

Kilifi north
Kilifi south



As of 2009 Census


Surface Area

As of 2016


Share of Urban Population

As of 2009 Census


Population Density

As of 2009 Census


Poverty Rate

As of 2016

No data


More than half of the land in Kilifi is arable, however only 31% of the farmers hold titles to their land. Maize and cassava are the main subsistence crops grown in the County. The main cash crops grown in the county include coconuts, cashew nuts, sisal and citrus fruits such as mangoes and pineapples.  


Potential crops for cultivating in Kilifi

The average precipitation of 900 mm and mean-annual temperature of 27°C hold potential for agricultural development. Horticultural crops and vegetables such as chillies, brinjals, okra, onions and tomatoes can be cultivated along the Coastal plains. Staples like maize, rice, bananas, cow peas, green grams and beans can also do well. Northwards, along the Sokoke Forest, is land with medium agricultural potential. Further north, are the pineapple fields in Magarini district that can provide large scale farming. Jatropha, aloe vera and vanilla grow well in the County and could be promoted for the production of bio-diesel, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics and food products.  


Livestock farming

Livestock and poultry farming is a major economic activity in the county. There are 4 private and 8 group ranches in Kilifi on which both dairy and beef cattle are kept. Other livestock species reared include goats, sheep, pigs and rabbits; mainly on small-scale basis by subsistence farmers and bee-keeping is also practised.  

Opportunities exist in livestock holding grounds, ranching, export slaughterhouses and the establishment of tanneries.  



Deep-sea fishing is a lucrative venture due to high demand for fish from the hotel industry. The county has 14 landing beached and over 5,000 fishermen. Sport fishing has also taken root, with fishing clubs established at various spots associated with tourist hotels and resorts.  


Mining and manufacturing

Kilifi County is rich in minerals; mainly titanium and iron ore, that have spurred extensive industrial mining activities. Other minerals extracted include barites, galena, rubies, pozzolana, gypsum and limestone. Salt mining and sand harvesting have been carried out over the years to take advantage of the sandy, salty waters. While these are economically lucrative, they are equally responsible for destruction of its mangrove forests. As for manufacturing sector there are:

• Two Cement factories in Kaloleni (Bamburi Cement and Athi River mining)

• Salt extracting companies in Malindi

• Milly fruit processing at Mtwapa

• Sandal factory in Kikambala

• Milk processing factory in Kilifi  



Tourism is very important for the country. It creates opportunities for employment in the service industries associated with it, such as transport, entertainment and advertising.

There has been an up-trend in tourism over the last few years and the County is well positioned to benefit from; local tourism, ecotourism, pro-poor tourism, educational tourism, cultural tourism and sport tourism. All these trends offer opportunities for significant growth of the tourism sector in Kilifi County.

Main attractions:

• Rabai Church

• Gede Ruins

• Vasco da Gama Pillar

• Mnarani Ruins

• Mangrove Forests

• Arubuko Sokoke Forest which hosts the Tsavo East National Park

• Indian Ocean

• Kafuloni

• Sabaki and Rare Rivers

Marine parks of Malindi, Watamu and Mtwapa are a great tourist attraction.

The overall literacy rate in Kilifi County stands at 68%. Of this number, 51% are men while 49% are women. There are 418 primary and 86 secondary schools catering for an estimated 256,000 and 22,500 students respectively. There are 13 youth polytechnics, one college and a University campus.

Universities / Colleges in Kilifi:

• Pwani University College

• Bandari College

• Kilifi Medical College  



• Squatters leaving on their ancestral land in the region do not have title deeds on the land. The lands is own by government, when sold result to eviction.

• Early marriages is the highest in this county compared to the rest of the country. (Report by Plan International)  


No data

County Financial Information

County Fees and Charges

No Matching Results

County Revenue Law Status

Legislation Status
Trade Licensing Act Passed & Assented
Public Participation Act Passed & Assented
Rating Act Passed & Assented
Finance Bill Not passed
Revenue Bill Status for Counties as at 15th May, 2017. Source: Commission for Revenue Allocation.