County Overview

The county borders Garissa to the North, Isiolo to the Northwest, Lamu to the Northeast, Kilifi to the Southeast, Taita Taveta to the South, and Kitul to the West  


Area: 38,436.9 KM2

Climate/Weather: Tana River is situated in a semi-arid area with annual relief rainfall varying between 400mm and 750mm with a mean annual temperature ranging between 30°C and 33°C.

Road Network: Data Not Available.

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As of 2009 Census


Surface Area

As of 2016


Share of Urban Population

As of 2009 Census


Population Density

As of 2009 Census


Poverty Rate

As of 2016

No data

Potential Minerals: Barite, illmenite, Iron ore, Uranium, Gypsum   


Agriculture and Livestock Rearing

Farming and nomadic pastoralism are the main economic activities in Tana River County due to the dry conditions and erratic rainfall patterns experienced in the county.

The Tana River is a major water resource in the area. The expansive delta created by the river is characterized by wetlands, presenting great potential for agriculture. It provides grazing area during the dry season and is a tourist attraction. The water is used for irrigation of rice, banana, maize, mangoes and soya beans.  


Wildlife and Tourism

Riverine forest, woodland, grassland, bush lands, lakes, open river channels, sand dunes, mangroves and coastal waters contribute to making Tana River County one of the most ecologically diverse habitats and a tourist attraction in the country.

The county has the potential to its wildlife and visitor attraction assets as leverage to improve the livelihoods of its people. These assets include the rare primates and aquatic animals at the Tana Delta, beach tourism along the Indian Ocean, water sports and game fishing.  


Source: KNBS census 2009  



1. Employed - those people that are working

2. Not employed - those people that are potential employees but have not secured any form of employment.

3. Economically inactive - the non-working age that comprises of very old and young people in the population.

4. Unclassified- the population that had not indicated their economic category.


Tana River County is challenged with low education enrollment rates especially among female children.   


Number of Institutions (2007): Primary (136), Secondary (10)

Primary: Enrollment (40, 832)

Teacher to Pupil Ratio: 1: 46.2 (Public Schools)

Secondary: Enrollment (2, 640)

Teacher to Pupil Ratio: 1:31 (Public Schools)

Tertiary: Data Not Available

Adult Literacy Classes: Data Not Available

Health Facilities: District Hospitals (2), Sub-District Hospitals (None), Dispensaries (47), Health Centres (5) & Medical Clinics (4) 


Key Statistics:

• Notable Hospitals: Hola District Hospital and Ngao District Hospitals

• Doctor to Population Ratio: 1: 95,500

• Infant Mortality Rates: 66/1000

• Under Five Mortality Rates: 80/1000


Prevalent Diseases: Malaria, Respiratory Tract Infections, Skin Diseases, Diarrhoea and HIV/AIDs.

The HIV/AIDS prevalence in the county in comparison to other coastal counties is as shown below:  



• Increased Government and development partners interested in the Delta for sugarcane, rice and ranching

• ASAL (Arid and Semi-arid Land) development

• Drive for peaceful co-existence with other communities in the region including prospects of peace in Somalia

• Growth in eco-tourism (Tana Primate Game Reserve and Delta)

• Value addition for livestock products

• Value addition from fishing products

• Underexploited potential in the marine sector

• Water-sports-based tourism

• Livestock rearing such as ostrich, guinea fowls, turtles, chameleons etc.

• Crop farming using drought resistant/escaping crops

• Commercial production of medicinal plants such as Aloe Vera and Prunus Africana

• Irrigated agriculture using Tana River especially sugarcane farming



• Occasional ethnic conflict over dwindling internal resources between the pastoralists and the farming communities

• Weak human capital base due to low investment in education

• Poor or non-existent physical infrastructure such as roads, irrigation canals, factories, hospitals and telecommunications

• Fragile eco-system that is being pushed to the limit

• Collapse of traditional pasture management practices

• A debilitated land tenure system

• Cultural practices that render uptake of new ideas difficult such as attitude towards the girl child and attachment to cattle.

• Isolated incidences of insecurity in the region

• Endemic poverty and rising population.

County Financial Information

County Fees and Charges

No Matching Results

County Revenue Law Status

Legislation Status
Trade Licensing Bill Pending 2nd Reading
Public Participation Bill Waiting to be published
Revenue Administration Bill Passed
Rating Bill Pending 2nd Reading
Finance Bill Not passed
Revenue Bill Status for Counties as at 15th May, 2017. Source: Commission for Revenue Allocation.