County Overview

Located in the Coastal region of Kenya, it borders Makueni, Kitui and Tana River counties to the North, Kilifi and Kwale Counties to the East, Republic of Tanzania to the South and South-west, and Kajiado County to the North West.

Area: 17,084.1 KM2

Climate/Weather: The county experiences an annual mean rainfall of 650mm per annum with temperatures averaging 23°C.

Road Network: Bitumen Surface (151.8 Km), Gravel Surface (138.2 Km), Earth Surface (663 Km)

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As of 2009 Census


Surface Area

As of 2016


Share of Urban Population

As of 2009 Census


Population Density

As of 2009 Census


Poverty Rate

As of 2016

No data


Being an agricultural society, most Taitas/Tavetas practice agriculture as their main economic activity. Horticultural production has recently become an important economic pursuit in the Taita hills.

The county experiences two rain seasons the long rains between the months of March and May and the short rains between November and December. The rainfall distribution is uneven in the county, with the highlands receiving higher rainfall than the lowland areas. This, coupled with cooler temperatures, makes the highlands have more potential for the production of horticultural crops, maize and beans.

The lowland areas, which are mainly arid and semi-arid, are only suitable for planting crops with short maturing period like sorghum, cowpeas, green grams, cashew nuts, sunflower, millet and dry land hybrid maize varieties.


Livestock and Sisal Estates

Also, these arid and semi-arid areas are suitable for a variety of economic activities such as ranching and sisal growing. The county has approximately 25 ranches. The main land use in ranches is cattle grazing. Taitas also rear dairy cattle and produce milk which is sold in Mombasa.

The three operating sisal estates of the district are the Teita Sisal Estate, Voi Sisal Estate and Taveta Sisal Estate. Some ranches e.g. Lumo in Mwaktau also engage in wildlife tourism and conservation.


Tourism and Conservation

Tsavo East and Tsavo West national Parks, home to various types of wild animals, occupy a large portion of the lowlands. The presence of these National Parks has improved the welfare of the people, particularly those engaged in tourism activities.



Gemstone mining is primarily done in the drier parts of Taita land, where large deposits of precious stones such as ruby, tanzanite and garnet can be found. Significant iron ore deposits have recently been discovered and mining has commenced in the Kishushe area of Wundanyi.



Taita Taveta County has recently seen great developments in its mineral mining sector after traces of iron ore were discovered in 1992. Asbestos, chalk, limestone, gemstones, construction stones and sand are also among the regions minerals portfolio.

The resources being poured into the region by mining companies have the potential of pioneering further developments in health centres, schools, power networks and water



• Low sisal prices

• Lack of proper safety standards in the mining industry

• Drought.


Number of Institutions (2007): Primary (206), Secondary (53)



• Teacher to Pupil Ratio: 1:40 (Public Schools)



• Teacher to Pupil Ratio: 1:25 (Public Schools)



Over 20 Institutions


• Health Facilities: District Hospitals (3), Sub-District Hospitals (1), Dispensaries (47), HeaIth Centres (9), Medical Clinics (11), Nursing Homes (None), Maternity Homes (None)

• Hospitals: Moi District Hospital in Voi, Wesu and Taveta District Hospitals

• Doctor to Population Ratio: 1:41,000

• Infant mortally Rates: 14/1000

• Under Five Mortality Rates: 93/ 1000

• Prevalent Diseases: Malaria, Upper Respiratory Transmitted Infections, Diarrhoea, HIV/AIDS.

County Financial Information

County Fees and Charges

No Matching Results

County Revenue Law Status

Legislation Status
Trade Licensing Bill Executive
Public Participation Bill County Assembly
Revenue Administration Bill Passed (incorporating some of the proposals from the bill)
Rating Bill Executive
Finance Bill Not passed
Revenue Bill Status for Counties as at 15th May, 2017. Source: Commission for Revenue Allocation.